Drug abuse is negative societal trend that has a devastating effect on human health, family and the society as a whole. It is characterized by the destructive, erratic consumption of any synthetic or natural drug without medical supervision for performance enhancement. Drug abuse becomes the more aggressive form of dependence "drug addiction" when the abuser can only survive and maintain emotional or physical equilibrium while using the drug in question.

 

What are Drugs?

Drugs are any substance (with the exception of food and water) which, when taken into the body, alters the body's function either physically and or psychologically. Drugs may be legal (e.g. alcohol, caffeine and tobacco) or illegal (e.g. cannabis, ecstasy, cocaine and heroin).There are different types of drugs, and these have different effects on the body.

 

Types of Drugs

The main types of drugs are;

Depressant: They are drugs that slow down the activity of the central nervous system. By decreasing the electrical activity in the brain, depressants produce a calming effect in the body and slow down the brain's normal functioning. Depressants can decrease your level of awareness, lower your pulse and heart rate, and reduce breathing. Examples are; alcohol, solvents, temazepam Etc.


Hallucinogen: They are also known as 'psychedelics', are drugs that change the way a person perceives the world. Hallucinogens affect all the senses, altering a person's thinking, sense of time and emotions. Examples are; LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), PCP (phencyclidine), magic mushrooms (psilocybin), ketamine, mescaline (peyote cactus), morning glory seeds, datura. Etc.


Painkillers: Prescription painkillers are powerful drugs that interfere with the nervous system's transmission of the nerve signals we perceive as pain. Examples of Painkillers are; Opium, Morphine, Codeine, Hydrocodone, Oxycodone Etc.


Performance Enhancer: Theyare substances that are used to improve any form of activity performance in humans. Examples include; Anabolic steroids, Androstenedione, Human Growth Hormone (HGH), Erythropoietin, Diuretics, Creatine, Stimulants Etc


Drug Abuse sometimes also called substance abuse is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder. Drugs are essentially poisons; the amount taken determines the effect. A small amount acts as a stimulant (speeds you up) while a greater amount acts as a sedative (slows you down) and an even larger amount poisons and can kill. This is true of any drug only the amount needed to achieve the effect differs.

 

Commonly Used Drugs

Some commonly used drugs that teenagers and youths get addicted to are:

1. Marijuana

2. Alcohol

3. Ecstasy

4. Cocaine & Crack Cocaine

5. Crystal Meth & Methamphetamine

6. Inhalants

7. Heroin

8. LSD

9. Prescription Drug Abuse (Codeine)

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